An introduction to CFD fundamentals and using commercial CFD software to solve engineering problems, designed for the wide variety of engineering students new to CFD, and for practicing engineers learning CFD for the first time. Combining an appropriate level of mathematical background, worked examples, computer screen shots, and step by step processes, this book walks the reader through modeling and computing, as well as interpreting CFD results. The first book in the field aimed at CFD users rather than developers. New to this edition: A more comprehensive coverage of CFD techniques including discretisation via finite element and spectral element as well as finite difference and finite volume methods and multigrid method. Coverage of different approaches to CFD grid generation in order to closely match how CFD meshing is being used in industry. Additional coverage of high-pressure fluid dynamics and meshless approach to provide a broader overview of the application areas where CFD can be used. 20% new content
This book presents the fundamentals of computational fluid dynamics for the novice. It provides a thorough yet user-friendly introduction to the governing equations and boundary conditions of viscous fluid flows and its modelling.
The chosen semi-discrete approach of a reduction procedure of partial differential equations to ordinary differential equations and finally to difference equations gives the book its distinctiveness and provides a sound basis for a deep understanding of the fundamental concepts in computational fluid dynamics.
Computational Fluid Dynamics in Practice explores the current and future developments in CFD, with the authors detailing advanced applications and case studies to demonstrate successes, illustrate the limitations, and identify methods for good practice. Designers, engineers, and researchers working in this field of fluid mechanics will find this book essential reading both for new ideas and applications, as well as a valuable source of reference. CONTENTS INCLUDE: The issue of numerical accuracy in computational fluid dynamics Detection of multiple solutions using a mid-cell back substitution technique applied to computational fluid dynamics A comparison of a conventional RANS and a lattice gas dynamics simulation – a case study in high-speed rail aerodynamics Mesh generation – The Ricardo Philosophy The validation of rapid CFD modelling for turbomachinery Built environment simulations using CFD Using CFD in the design of electric motors and generators CFD computation of air-oil separation in an engine breather Cavitation in a pressure-activated ball valve.
This complementary text provides detailed solutions for the problems that appear in Chapters 2 to 18 of Computational Techniques for Fluid Dynamics (CTFD), Second Edition. Consequently there is no Chapter 1 in this solutions manual. The solutions are indicated in enough detail for the serious reader to have little difficulty in completing any intermediate steps. Many of the problems require the reader to write a computer program to obtain the solution. Tabulated data, from computer output, are included where appropriate and coding enhancements to the programs provided in CTFD are indicated in the solutions. In some instances completely new programs have been written and the listing forms par...
This book serves as a complete and self-contained introduction to the principles of Computational Fluid Dynamic (CFD) analysis. It is deliberately short (at approximately 300 pages) and can be used as a text for the first part of the course of applied CFD followed by a software tutorial. The main objectives of this non-traditional format are: 1) To introduce and explain, using simple examples where possible, the principles and methods of CFD analysis and to demystify the `black box’ of a CFD software tool, and 2) To provide a basic understanding of how CFD problems are set and which factors affect the success and failure of the analysis. Included in the text are the mathematical and physical foundations of CFD, formulation of CFD problems, basic principles of numerical approximation (grids, consistency, convergence, stability, and order of approximation, etc), methods of discretization with focus on finite difference and finite volume techniques, methods of solution of transient and steady state problems, commonly used numerical methods for heat transfer and fluid flows, plus a brief introduction into turbulence modeling.
Thoroughly updated to include the latest developments in the field, this classic text on finite-difference and finite-volume computational methods maintains the fundamental concepts covered in the first edition. As an introductory text for advanced undergraduates and first-year graduate students, Computational Fluid Mechanics and Heat Transfer, Third Edition provides the background necessary for solving complex problems in fluid mechanics and heat transfer. Divided into two parts, the book first lays the groundwork for the essential concepts preceding the fluids equations in the second part. It includes expanded coverage of turbulence and large-eddy simulation (LES) and additional material included on detached-eddy simulation (DES) and direct numerical simulation (DNS). Designed as a valuable resource for practitioners and students, new homework problems have been added to further enhance the student’s understanding of the fundamentals and applications.
This textbook explores both the theoretical foundation of the Finite Volume Method (FVM) and its applications in Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD). Readers will discover a thorough explanation of the FVM numerics and algorithms used for the simulation of incompressible and compressible fluid flows, along with a detailed examination of the components needed for the development of a collocated unstructured pressure-based CFD solver. Two particular CFD codes are explored. The first is uFVM, a three-dimensional unstructured pressure-based finite volume academic CFD code, implemented within Matlab. The second is OpenFOAM®, an open source framework used in the development of a range of CFD programs for the simulation of industrial scale flow problems. With over 220 figures, numerous examples and more than one hundred exercise on FVM numerics, programming, and applications, this textbook is suitable for use in an introductory course on the FVM, in an advanced course on numerics, and as a reference for CFD programmers and researchers.
Computational fluid dynamics, CFD, has become an indispensable tool for many engineers. This book gives an introduction to CFD simulations of turbulence, mixing, reaction, combustion and multiphase flows. The emphasis on understanding the physics of these flows helps the engineer to select appropriate models to obtain reliable simulations. Besides presenting the equations involved, the basics and limitations of the models are explained and discussed. The book combined with tutorials, project and power-point lecture notes (all available for download) forms a complete course. The reader is given hands-on experience of drawing, meshing and simulation. The tutorials cover flow and reactions inside a porous catalyst, combustion in turbulent non-premixed flow, and multiphase simulation of evaporation spray respectively. The project deals with design of an industrial-scale selective catalytic reduction process and allows the reader to explore various design improvements and apply best practice guidelines in the CFD simulations.
Computational Fluid Dynamics: Principles and Applications, Third Edition presents students, engineers, and scientists with all they need to gain a solid understanding of the numerical methods and principles underlying modern computation techniques in fluid dynamics. By providing complete coverage of the essential knowledge required in order to write codes or understand commercial codes, the book gives the reader an overview of fundamentals and solution strategies in the early chapters before moving on to cover the details of different solution techniques. This updated edition includes new worked programming examples, expanded coverage and recent literature regarding incompressible flows, the...